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History: American Civil War for Kids
Prelude to war The secession of the Southern states in chronological order, South Carolina , Mississippi , Florida , Alabama , Georgia , Louisiana , Texas , Virginia , Arkansas , Tennessee , and North Carolina in —61 and the ensuing outbreak of armed hostilities were the culmination of decades of growing sectional friction over slavery. Start Your Free Trial Today. Load Next Page.
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More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. To defeat the South, the North had to achieve several goals: 1. Secure Control of the Mississippi River to allow unimpeded movement of needed Western goods; 2.
A Short History of the Civil War
Cut off the South from international traders and smugglers that could aid the Southern war effort; 3. Take the Confederate army out of action to prevent further northward attacks such as that at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and to ease the battle losses of the North; 4. Stop the South's ability to produce needed goods and war materials.
The South had to counter these measures with its own plans to capitalize on early victories, weakening the Northern resolve to fight; to get international recognition as a sovereign state; and to keep Union forces from seizing Confederate territory. The South did not accomplish its goals, and after four years of fighting, the North won the war.
The Causes of the American Civil War Essay Example
The troublesome, negative conflict has cast a shadow on the successes of America ever since. The country had to find ways to heal the wounds of war during Reconstruction which fell to the political and innermost values of whites in the South and the North. Today's Articles People, Locations, Episodes.
Fri, Previous Story. Next Story. Barren cross-ties of penny-whistle twigs Mating and parting as the wind Beats the rhythm of sad songs With black shafts once hung in gold Basket-weave tears of ancestral black Fall in arcs as the The Northern states also known as the Union , where slavery was already illegal, wanted it abolished throughout the country.
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The Southern states also known as the Confederacy , on the other hand, wanted to keep slavery. They relied on African slaves to farm their main crops of cotton and tobacco.
Roger L. Ransom, University of California, Riverside
It was a bloody conflict that tore the country apart before slavery was finally abolished. The war ended in with a victory for the North. The tensions between the Northern states and the Southern states split the nation in two, plunging the country into Civil War. The Northern states were largely industrial, while those in the South were agricultural and dependent for labor on slavery, which many Northerners opposed.